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Sous-titres : Anglais, Espagnol

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Anglais

Sous-titres : Anglais, Espagnol

Programme du cours : ce que vous apprendrez dans ce cours

Semaine
1
1 heure pour terminer

Welcome to A Journey through Western Christianity: from Persecuted Faith to Global Religion (200 - 1650)

Learn what this course is about, who's teaching it, and other ways you can explore this topic. Meet and greet your peers as well!...
1 vidéo (Total 2 min), 4 lectures
1 vidéo
4 lectures
Course Description5 min
Precourse Survey10 min
Meet Your Instructional Team5 min
Bonus course resources10 min
2 heures pour terminer

Introduction: From Persecution to Empire

“From Persecution to Empire,” explores the interaction between the second-century Christian Church and the Roman Empire in which it existed. After the faith’s birth in Palestine, Christianity spread throughout the Roman Empire with a rapidity that alarmed many Roman rulers. Persecution of Christians became common, and the experience of persecution shaped the Church. In 313 AD, the Roman Emperor Constantine ended persecution and Christianity transformed once more to become a pillar of Roman society....
6 vidéos (Total 57 min), 3 lectures, 1 quiz
6 vidéos
Diversity in the Year 200: Dura Europos (c. 240), with Dr. Lisa Brody [Yale University Art Gallery]10 min
The Conversion of Constantine8 min
The Arian-Nicene Controversy11 min
The Nature of Christ8 min
The Rise of Rome8 min
3 lectures
The Creed of Nicaea15 min
Conversion of Constantine20 min
Yale University Art Gallery—Dura-Europos: Excavating Antiquity10 min
1 exercice pour s'entraîner
From Persecution to Empire20 min
Semaine
2
3 heures pour terminer

Augustine and the North African Church

“Augustine and the North African Church,” studies two areas of early and vibrant Christian growth: Egypt and North Africa. These areas responded to intense Roman persecution by developing a theology of martyrdom. Indeed, both areas became bastions of early Christian theological thinking, with the North African Church producing the most important Christian theologian ever: Augustine of Hippo....
6 vidéos (Total 69 min), 4 lectures, 1 quiz
6 vidéos
North African Christianity15 min
Martyrdom and Persecution14 min
The Martyrdom of Perpetua (with Max & Nazanin)5 min
Augustine14 min
Islamic Invasion of North Africa7 min
4 lectures
Martyrdom of Perpetua and Felicitas30 min
Augustine on Donatists40 min
A timeline of the Great Persecution10 min
See the Coptic necropolis el Bagawat (Egypt), one of the earliest Christian cemeteries10 min
1 exercice pour s'entraîner
Augustine and North African Church20 min
Semaine
3
4 heures pour terminer

Monastic Lives: Desert Fathers to Celtic Christianity

“Monastic Lives: Desert Fathers to Celtic Christianity,” examines the origins of monasticism in Christianity. After the end of Roman persecution, some Christians chose to isolate themselves in the desert and deny themselves food, sleep, and material comforts. Why? And how did this movement develop into medieval monasticism? This module will explain the early roots and influence of monks and nuns in Christianity....
7 vidéos (Total 80 min), 5 lectures, 1 quiz
7 vidéos
Saint Catherine’s (with Max)4 min
Saint Benedict10 min
Irish Monasticism15 min
The Viking Age (with Nazanin)5 min
Venerable Bede, Saint Cuthbert, and Northumbria14 min
Alcuin and the Carolingian Renaissance15 min
5 lectures
Life of St. Anthony10 min
Benedict Rule10 min
Explore the Gutenberg Bible and its history10 min
Browse the Book of Kells medieval manuscript10 min
View the Lindisfarne Gospels' early medieval illuminations10 min
1 exercice pour s'entraîner
Monastic Lives, Desert Fathers to Celtic Christianity20 min
Semaine
4
4 heures pour terminer

Reformers and Crusaders

“Reformers and Crusaders,” focuses on Christianity during the dawn of the medieval period. Here we ask: How did Christianity respond to the new feudal world of medieval Europe? Popes, monks, and knights became essential features of the Christian faith during this period, roughly 950 – 1350 AD....
8 vidéos (Total 68 min), 6 lectures, 1 quiz
8 vidéos
Feudalism7 min
Christian Reform12 min
Bernard of Clairvaux (with Max)6 min
Divided Christianity6 min
Crusades14 min
Innocent III10 min
Cathar Heresy (with Nazanin)6 min
6 lectures
Fulcher of Chartres, Speech of Urban II10 min
The Capture of Jerusalem (1244)10 min
Christian Attacks on Jews30 min
Henry IV's letter to Gregory VII10 min
The Romance of the Rose10 min
Hagia Sophia's Christian mosaics10 min
1 exercice pour s'entraîner
Reformers and Crusaders20 min
Semaine
5
5 heures pour terminer

Learning and Light

“Learning and Light,” examines two medieval Christian ideas that emerged at the same time and from the same impulse. The first is the scholastic educational initiative that dominated Christian theology and resulted in the founding of universities. The second is the beautiful, light-focused Gothic architectural style embodied in Europe’s great cathedrals. These two movements remain the quintessential features of medieval Christianity. Scholasticism and cathedrals emerged not only at the same time but also from the same source: a Christian conception of the unity of all things....
7 vidéos (Total 82 min), 7 lectures, 1 quiz
7 vidéos
Saint Clare of Assisi (with Nazanin)4 min
Rise of Universities11 min
Abelard & Heloise (with Max)6 min
Thomas Aquinas13 min
Cathedrals and Theology of Light12 min
Mysticism16 min
7 lectures
Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologicae40 min
Meister Eckhart, “The Attractive Power of God”30 min
Julian of Norwich10 min
The stained glass windows of Chartres10 min
The Flowers of Saint Francis10 min
Peter Lombard’s The Sentences10 min
Aquinas’s hymn, Pange Lingua10 min
1 exercice pour s'entraîner
Learning and Light20 min
Semaine
6
4 heures pour terminer

Three Religions: Christians, Jews & Muslims in Medieval Spain

“Three Religions: Christians, Jews & Muslims in Medieval Spain,” explores medieval Spain, a place in time with enormous importance for the history of Christianity. From the eighth through the fifteenth century, Spanish society included Christians, Jews, and Muslims, and Spain became the cultural capital of all three religions. Exploring medieval Spain, we will see how Christianity competed and cooperated with the non-Christian world. The central question explored in this module is: How should we remember the cultural interactions among Christians, Jews, and Muslims in medieval Spain...
6 vidéos (Total 54 min), 11 lectures, 1 quiz
6 vidéos
Convivencia9 min
The Alhambra of Granada (with Nazanin)3 min
Maimonides and Averroes11 min
Inquisition and Expulsion16 min
Christians, Jews, and Muslims: Discussion5 min
11 lectures
Moses Maimonides, Guide to the Perplexed, Introductory Letter15 min
A Christian/Muslim Debate (12th century)40 min
Muslim and Christian Piety in the 13th Century40 min
Gregory X: Letter on Jews, (1271-76) - Against the Blood Libel20 min
The Murdered Chorister10 min
Chant from the Mozarabic tradition10 min
David Nirenberg’s Communities of Violence10 min
Arabic's influence on the Spanish language10 min
The works of Averroes10 min
Images of the Alhambra10 min
Documents related to the Spanish Inquisition10 min
1 exercice pour s'entraîner
Three Religions: Christians, Jews & Muslims in Medieval Spain20 min
Semaine
7
5 heures pour terminer

Medieval Devotion

“Medieval Devotion,” moves away from the universities and cathedrals of Europe and investigates the lives of ordinary Christians trying to maintain their spiritual lives in an era almost 1000 years ago. The Church developed and popularized many devotional practices in this era, a number of which remain a part of Christianity today. Sacraments, saints, relics, pilgrimages, and the papacy are examined in this module, as all experienced an enormous growth in importance during the medieval era. Many of these features of Christianity became controversial, with Protestant reformers of the sixteenth century rejecting some of these devotional and ecclesiological features....
9 vidéos (Total 87 min), 8 lectures, 1 quiz
9 vidéos
Introduction19 min
Sacraments8 min
Saints & Relics10 min
Joan of Arc (with Nazanin)5 min
Pilgrimages10 min
Rome and the Papacy7 min
Avignon Papacy (with Max)5 min
Heresy and Dissent9 min
8 lectures
Seven Sacraments40 min
Tales of Relics45 min
Tales of the Devil45 min
Art of Dying, (Ars Moriendi)10 min
Requiem Mass for the Dead10 min
Relics, and what they meant for medieval Christians10 min
Chaucer's Canterbury Tales10 min
Book of Hours10 min
1 exercice pour s'entraîner
Medieval Devotion20 min
Semaine
8
4 heures pour terminer

Luther's Reformation

“Luther’s Reformation,” is the first of several modules to discuss the Reformation, and it does so by examining the life of the Reformation’s most iconic figure, Martin Luther. More than any other person, Luther was responsible for the seismic shifts in sixteenth-century Christianity that left the Western Church permanently fractured. Why did Luther launch his Reformation? What were his initial aspirations, and how did these change? Through the biography of Luther we will learn about the controversies that led to the Reformation and the early impact of this religious movement....
9 vidéos (Total 86 min), 5 lectures, 1 quiz
9 vidéos
Young Luther12 min
Break with Rome16 min
Katharina von Bora (Nazanin)3 min
Opponents & Opposition15 min
Theology11 min
Luther and the Jews (Max)3 min
Reformation Church17 min
Discussion5 min
5 lectures
Martin Luther, “Freedom of a Christian”s
Luther’s 95 Theses10 min
A Mighty Fortress10 min
Protestant print propaganda10 min
Luther’s original German Mass10 min
1 exercice pour s'entraîner
Luther's Reformation20 min
Semaine
9
4 heures pour terminer

Fragmenting Reformation

“Fragmenting Reformation,” we will explore the Reformation further. After Luther set Europe ablaze, other reformers and rulers sought to impose their views onto Christianity. Soon—and as Catholics had feared—multiple forms of Protestantism emerged. Sixteenth-century Christians disagreed over what constituted proper ecclesiology, theology, and ritual practices, and soon the European religious landscape divided into different camps all insisting on different visions of Christianity. John Calvin became one of the most influential thinkers and organizers in this period, but even lesser known figures exerted enormous influence as Western Christendom experienced its most serious crisis. ...
8 vidéos (Total 93 min), 7 lectures, 1 quiz
8 vidéos
Anabaptist Kingdom of Münster (Max)4 min
Zwingli17 min
John Calvin: Life20 min
Calvinism13 min
English Reformation15 min
Foxe's Book of Martyrs (with Nazanin)3 min
Fragmenting Reformation: Discussion3 min
7 lectures
Hans Schlaffer, A Brief Introduction for the Leading of Truly Christian Life45 min
Preface to the Psalter - John Calvin20 min
England, Thirty-Nine Articles5 min
The Martyrs' Mirror10 min
Foxe’s Book of Martyrs10 min
Huldrych Zwingli’s reforming principles10 min
Professor Gordon’s books on Calvin and Calvin’s Institutes of the Christian Religion10 min
1 exercice pour s'entraîner
Fragmenting Reformation20 min
Semaine
10
4 heures pour terminer

Catholic Reform

In “Catholic Reform,” we will see how Catholicism transformed itself during the sixteenth century, an era usually characterized by the Protestant Reformation. In response to the Protestant challenge, Catholicism began to reform key aspects of its practices, yet Catholic leaders resolutely defended their theology against Luther’s and Calvin’s attacks. And Catholicism also experienced transformations that had begun long before Luther launched his reforming campaign in 1517. A debate still exists amongst historians regarding the origins of Catholicism’s sixteenth-century reforms. Were these changes purely a response to the Protestant challenge? Or did Catholicism begin its early modern reforms long before Luther was ever born. This module explores these questions, along with the vibrant Catholic culture that emerged during the era of the Reformation....
7 vidéos (Total 86 min), 7 lectures, 1 quiz
7 vidéos
Pre-Trent Catholic Reform13 min
The Council of Trent18 min
Catholic vs. Counter Reformation (Max and Nazanin)3 min
Catholic Bibles16 min
Teresa of Avila & Spanish Mysticism14 min
El Escorial (Nazanin)4 min
7 lectures
The Council of Trent’s Decree on Justification (1547)s
Teresa of Avila, The Interior Castle: Preface20 min
Erasmus’s Novum Instrumentum10 min
The Complutensian Polyglot Bible10 min
El Greco and other works from leading Catholic Baroque artists10 min
Peruse the poetry of Saint John of the Cross10 min
Carlos Eire’s Reformations10 min
1 exercice pour s'entraîner
Catholic Reform20 min
Semaine
11
4 heures pour terminer

Jesuits and Missions

Our final module, “Jesuits and Mission,” we will see how, at the same time that Western Christianity fractured and reinvented itself due to the Reformation, the faith also followed Europe’s colonial paths and spread across the world. Catholic religious orders (including the newly founded Jesuit order) led the expansion of Christianity into non-European lands. Jesuits and other missionaries sought to inject Christianity into the societies they encountered, and to do so the Jesuits adapted to local cultural practices and added subtle features to Catholicism. For the first time, Christianity became a global religion....
6 vidéos (Total 47 min), 9 lectures, 1 quiz
6 vidéos
Ignatius of Loyola (Nazanin)3 min
Francis Xavier10 min
Mateo Ricci & China11 min
Brazil9 min
Closing words from Bruce, Nazanin, and Max40s
9 lectures
Francis Xavier to Ignatius Loyola on Missions20 min
Francis Xavier, Letter from Japan, 155220 min
Memorial for Matteo Riccis
Japanese depiction of the arrival of the Portuguese10 min
A timeline of the colonization of Brazil10 min
Moxos Ensemble10 min
An early modern Jesuit’s account of the martyrdom of his fellow missionaries10 min
The Memory Palace of Matteo Ricci,10 min
Post Course Survey10 min
1 exercice pour s'entraîner
Jesuits and Missions20 min
4.7
71 avisChevron Right

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Meilleurs avis

par ESMar 23rd 2018

A great journey! Lots of information and bonus material! I'm very thankful for the course. It might be that the professor's speech is sometimes a bit difficult to follow, but it's a minor drawback

par AWJun 20th 2017

Well developed and presented course.. It'll be good to have it continued from 1650 to where the Christian faith is today. I'll be very interested to be part of it if it is developed.

Enseignant

Avatar

Bruce Gordon

Titus Street Professor of Ecclesiastical History
Yale Divinity School

À propos de Université Yale

For more than 300 years, Yale University has inspired the minds that inspire the world. Based in New Haven, Connecticut, Yale brings people and ideas together for positive impact around the globe. A research university that focuses on students and encourages learning as an essential way of life, Yale is a place for connection, creativity, and innovation among cultures and across disciplines. ...

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