À propos de ce cours
4.7
688 ratings
166 reviews
What is philosophy? How does it differ from science, religion, and other modes of human discourse? This course traces the origins of philosophy in the Western tradition in the thinkers of Ancient Greece. We begin with the Presocratic natural philosophers who were active in Ionia in the 6th century BCE and are also credited with being the first scientists. Thales, Anaximander, and Anaximines made bold proposals about the ultimate constituents of reality, while Heraclitus insisted that there is an underlying order to the changing world. Parmenides of Elea formulated a powerful objection to all these proposals, while later Greek theorists (such as Anaxagoras and the atomist Democritus) attempted to answer that objection. In fifth-century Athens, Socrates insisted on the importance of the fundamental ethical question—“How shall I live?”—and his pupil, Plato, and Plato’s pupil, Aristotle, developed elaborate philosophical systems to explain the nature of reality, knowledge, and human happiness. After the death of Aristotle, in the Hellenistic period, Epicureans and Stoics developed and transformed that earlier tradition. We will study the major doctrines of all these thinkers. Part I will cover Plato and his predecessors. Part II will cover Aristotle and his successors....
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Clock

Recommandé : 4 hours/week

Approx. 14 heures pour terminer
Comment Dots

English

Sous-titres : English, Spanish
Globe

Cours en ligne à 100 %

Commencez dès maintenant et apprenez aux horaires qui vous conviennent.
Calendar

Dates limites flexibles

Réinitialisez les dates limites selon votre disponibilité.
Clock

Recommandé : 4 hours/week

Approx. 14 heures pour terminer
Comment Dots

English

Sous-titres : English, Spanish

Programme du cours : ce que vous apprendrez dans ce cours

1

Section
Clock
2 heures pour terminer

The Milesians & Heraclitus

Thales, Anaximander, Anaximenes and Xenophanes seek the material principle of the cosmos, and arrive at a radical new conception of the gods. Heraclitus distills the essence of their “naturalism” in his riddling slogans....
Reading
8 vidéos (Total 53 min), 2 lectures, 2 quiz
Video8 vidéos
How We Study the Pre-Socratics4 min
Fragments and Sources4 min
Philosophers or scientists?7 min
The Material Principle5 min
God in Nature?5 min
Heraclitus on the LOGOS10 min
Heraclitus on Change5 min
Reading2 lectures
Milesians Readings10 min
Heraclitus Readings10 min
Quiz2 exercices pour s'entraîner
Milesians16 min
Heraclitus10 min

2

Section
Clock
2 heures pour terminer

Parmenides to Plato

Parmenides poses a fundamental philosophical challenge to all naturalistic inquiry when he denies the intelligibility of change. Later naturalists (Empedocles, Anaxagoras, and Democritus) respond to his challenge. Plato’s portrait of Socrates raises questions about the nature of philosophy, its role in public life, and the relation between morality and religion....
Reading
8 vidéos (Total 61 min), 3 lectures, 2 quiz
Video8 vidéos
Parmenides Against Change7 min
Responses to Parmenides7 min
Naturalism after Parmenides9 min
Plato and Socrates6 min
Socrates in the Apology6 min
Piety in the Euthyphro7 min
Morality and Religion5 min
Reading3 lectures
Parmenides10 min
Plato's Apology10 min
Plato's Euthyphro10 min
Quiz2 exercices pour s'entraîner
Parmenides and His Legacy10 min
Plato’s Apology and Euthyphro10 min

3

Section
Clock
2 heures pour terminer

Plato on Virtue, Teaching, & Justice

What is virtue, and how can it be taught? What is teaching anyway, and how could we ever acquire knowledge? Socrates gives a geometry lesson purporting to show that learning is recollection. Why should we act justly? What’s in it for us? An elaborate analogy between a city and a human soul seeks to convince us that crime never pays, even if the criminal can escape detection....
Reading
10 vidéos (Total 74 min), 4 lectures, 2 quiz
Video10 vidéos
Teachers of Virtue?6 min
Theory of Recollection8 min
Was Socrates Teaching?7 min
Meno's Paradox7 min
Knowledge vs. True Belief8 min
Is Justice a Virtue?10 min
The Just City5 min
The Just Soul9 min
Rational Injustice?6 min
Reading4 lectures
Plato's Meno10 min
Republic Book 110 min
Republic Book 210 min
Republic Book 410 min
Quiz2 exercices pour s'entraîner
Plato's Meno10 min
Plato's Republic10 min

4

Section
Clock
4 heures pour terminer

Plato on Reality & Goodness

The ultimate realities are intelligible Forms, while the world of our experience is only an image of that reality. Goodness is a fundamental feature of the world. Plato’s cosmology: the creation of the universe (complete with a world soul) and the principles of mathematical perfection that structure it at every level....
Reading
6 vidéos (Total 58 min), 4 lectures, 3 quiz
Video6 vidéos
The Real and the Good8 min
The Creation of the World6 min
The World Soul12 min
Plato's Mathematical Physics13 min
Conclusion to Part 16 min
Reading4 lectures
Republic Book 510 min
Republic Books 6-710 min
Plato's Timaeus10 min
Credits10 min
Quiz2 exercices pour s'entraîner
Republic Books 5-710 min
Plato's Timaeus14 min
4.7

Meilleurs avis

par LLMar 9th 2016

Good intro to early Greek philosophy. Dr Meyer has a simple and subtly humorous approach to the material. Dr Meyer makes the subject approachable so that the student wants to do further reading.

par AHMar 17th 2016

Highly recommended. This course was a great guide to understand to pre socratic philosophers. Professor Susan Sauvé Meyer is very clear in her explanations. Thanks a lot. I enjoy the course.

Enseignant

Susan Sauvé Meyer

Professor
Department of Philosophy

À propos de University of Pennsylvania

The University of Pennsylvania (commonly referred to as Penn) is a private university, located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. A member of the Ivy League, Penn is the fourth-oldest institution of higher education in the United States, and considers itself to be the first university in the United States with both undergraduate and graduate studies. ...

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