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Which are the important scores, w, x, y, and z, as you said before.

And so, you'll probably remember from an Algebra class or something, we have one

equation and one unknown. And then, you can solve for that unknown.

So, for instance, if you had 2x plus 3 is equal to 5, right.

And you could say that 2x is equal to 2, and then that would mean that x is equal

to 1. So, and then if you have two equations,

and two unknowns that's okay also. So, when you have two unknowns, you need

two equations right because need two, two equations in order to solve for any one

of those variables. Then for three unknowns, you need three

equations, and for four unknowns, you need four equations, five unknowns you

need five equations, and so on. You need the number of unknowns and the

number of equations to be the same if you want to have a unique solution.

So, to make things a little easier, we're going to look at what each of these

important scores represents. So, you remember what we said before,

that they're really probabilities. And so, each of these w, x, y, and z is

each the probability that at any given time you're going to be on one of those

nodes. And we said that the higher that chance

is, the more important the page is, and so on.

Well, things about probability is first of all they have to always be between

zero and one, zero meaning it will never happen, 100%.

Or 1, meaning that it's certain to happen.

So, if you add up w, x, y and z, that has to be equal to 1 because logically

speaking you have to be on one of the nodes at any given time.

So, they have to add to one because you are 100% certain that you will be on

either w or x or y or z at any given time.

So, we can make things easier by knowing that these probabilities must sum to 1.

And so, we can say that w plus x plus y plus z must be equal to 1.

So now, you're probably wondering, well, now we have five equations, right.

And that might be problematic because we only have four unknowns.

Not saying that we couldn't do it because as it turns out you could still solve

this using the five equations, as we will technically do.

But we won't make use of each of the five equations when we do it.

But basically you only need four equations at any given time to relate

these variables to one another, but this equation is much easier to use.

And easier to look at than, for instance, this equation right here.

This equation's a little more complicated, we have a lot of divisions

and things along those sorts. So, this normalization equation is much

easier to use, so we'll stick with that for now, and we, we will not use this

equation. We could have also not used this one, or

this one, or this one, but these are easier to look at because they don't

relate all the variables at once. All right, this one only relates two,

this one relates three, this only also relates three.

This one relates all four of them, so we use this equation with this equation,

this equation and this equation. Second is that we have to choose one of

the important scores as a reference. So, we don't have to, but it's just

easier to do that, to choose one of them as a reference.

And the one that we want to choose as a reference is going to be the one that we

can then go ahead and plug into this equation.

So, then we can say suppose we got everything in y, then we have some

function of y some function of y some function of y equals 1.

Then, we can plug that in, and then solve for y, right?

And then, everything else would fall out of it.

So, let's first look at these equations, these three equations right here and see

which of the variables would be the easiest to work with as our reference.

So, let's use z as our reference here, because we can pretty easily get

everything in terms of z, right? We already have w in terms of z.

Then, we can get x in terms of z because we'll have w in terms of z.

And then, we can also get y in terms of z using this last equation.

So, that'll be probably the least tedious path now.

Again, you could choose any one of them and it won't matter.

It's just, we're trying to make the math as simple as possible here because we

don't want to deal with heavy math. So, we'll choose our reference value to

be z. So, to start off, then we'll go w, x, and

then y, and try to get them all in terms of z.

So, for w, we'll just use the first equation.

We already know that w is equal to z over 3.

So, that's easy because then, when we plug in here, we just have w equal z over

3, so we're done with that for now. Now, let's move onto x.

Now, we want to get x in terms of z. So, we have x equals w over 2 plus z over

3. So now, we already have w in terms of z,

though. We know that w is equal to z over 3.

So, we can say that x is equal to w over 2 plus z over 3.

Which is equal to, and then on this side, this w term over here is z over 3,

divided by 2, because this is just equal to z over 3, plus z over 3 again.

That's z over 6 plus z over 3. And then, if we, we can, for instance,

make each of them common a denominators. So that we have z over 6 plus 2z over 6,

which is then 3z over 6 which is equal to z over 2, 1 half z.

So, we have w equals z over 3 and x is equal to z over 2.

So, you can already tell them now that since z is between 0 and 1 that x is

going to have a higher importance score than w because w is just 1 3rd of z

whereas x is only 1 half of z. Now, we can move onto y.

So, rather than using, again, this equation where we'd have to plug in

everything for w and even x. Why don't we just work with this equation

down here because we already have and we can say that y is equal to z minus x over

2. So, we'll say y is equal to z minus x

over 2. Right because we already have y on this

side, so we can just subtract x over 2 from both sides.

And then, we have x as before, z over 2. So, this is z minus z over 2, over 2,

which is z minus z over 4, which is just 3z over four, 3 4ths z.

Now, I have that y is equal to 3z over 4. So, notice a few things.

First of all is that we chose each of these three equations up here to get w, x

and y in terms of the reference variable z.

And now, we have those three relationships that we need in order to

plug back into this equation. And then, we can solve for z using one

equation and one unknown which is the basis for everything here.

And also, notice that we chose the simplest equation to work with first,

right. Simply that w is equal to z over 3.

We didn't have to do any substitution or anything in that equation.

And then, we moved on to the more complicated equations.

And everything kind of fell out. And we used what we had before to solve

for what we needed to do at the present. So, that's the way to go about this, is

that you sort of, unlock different pieces of the puzzle, so to speak, as you go on.

And then, you use what you've unlocked in terms of what variables you've already

gotten in terms of z to keep moving forward in the process.

So, moving along then, we can tabulate our equations again.

Now, we'll just have it at the reference equations because those are much easier

to work with. And z equals z obviously, so plugging in,

we can solve for z. So, remember we had w plus x plus y plus

z equals 1. Now, w is z over 3, so we have z over 3,

plus x which is z over 2, plus y which is 3z over 4, plus z has to be equal to 1.